The Pharaoh of the Exodus: Fairy tale or real history?
Field of study
Arts and Humanities
History
General
The Pharaoh of the Exodus: Fairy tale or real history?
The Pharaoh of the Exodus: Fairy tale or real history?
Gerard Gertoux
Field of study
Arts and Humanities
History
General
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For Egyptologists as well as archaeologists, and even now Bible scholars, the answer to the question: Who to believe: Moses or Egyptologists? is obvious: Rather than attempt to defend the factual historicity of the Exodus traditions, I suggest that we must understand the Exodus story precisely as a myth, specifically as a “metaphor for liberation” (...) There is ample evidence that the Exodus story was read metaphorically already in ancient times, certainly so by the early rabbis and by later rabbinical commentaries (Dever: 2003, 233).
Several scholars (Finkelstein, Dever and others) posit that the Exodus narrative may have developed from collective memories of the Hyksos expulsions of Semitic Canaanites from Egypt, possibly elaborated on to encourage resistance to the 7th century domination of Judah by Egypt. For these scholars the liberation from Egypt after the “10 plagues”, as it is written in the Book of Exodus, is quite different from the historical “war of liberation against the Hyksos”. For them, “it seems” that several campaigns against the stronghold at Avaris were needed, during at least one decade, before the Hyksos were finally dislodged and driven from Lower Egypt by Ahmose I, the first pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty of Egypt, who won the war against the Hyksos. What are the Egyptian documents underlying this hypothesis: none, and what is the chronology of this mysterious war: nobody knows! Consequently, who to believe: Moses or Egyptologists? This study will give the answer.

ISBN 978-1-365-70291-4
Imprint L
DOI 10.20850/9781365702914
Copyright 2017, Gertoux
Copyright License Standard Copyright License
Product Details 8.27 x 11.69 Standard Color Glossy Perfect Bound
Page Count 230 pages
Type of Publication Monograph (standalone)
Keywords Exodus, Moses, Hyksos
Audience General Audiences
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