Jonah vs King of Nineveh: Chronological, Historical and Archaeological Evidence
Field of study
Arts and Humanities
History
General
Jonah vs King of Nineveh: Chronological, Historical and Archaeological Evidence
Jonah vs King of Nineveh: Chronological, Historical and Archaeological Evidence
Gerard Gertoux
Field of study
Arts and Humanities
History
General
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Historians consider the biblical account about Jonah's warning against Nineveh as a pious fiction, however, the Gospels refer to it as a real story (Lk 11:29-32). The book of Jonah, despite its brevity, gives some verifiable information regarding Nineveh, a very old city, which disappeared completely after its destruction in 612 BCE. The dimensions mentioned seem colossal, however they agree with the accounts of Herodotus (The Histories I:178), Ctesias (Persica §3) and Strabo (Geography XVI:1:3). Moreover, these dimensions, seemingly boundless, yet have been confirmed by archaeology. The text of 2 Kings 14:23-25 relates the mission of Jonah with the accession of Jeroboam II, as pointed out Josephus (Jewish Antiquities IX:205-207), which illuminates the reason and the urgency of his mission, because this particular year coincides with the death of Shalmaneser III (824/823 BCE). The coincidence in time sheds light on the strange role of Jonah. When Jonah comes to Assyria the situation was this: the Assyrian king Shalmaneser III who resided in the new capital Kalhu was dying, his son Shamshi-Adad V was commissioned, as new Crown prince, to quell the revolt headed by his brother Assur-danin-pal who led 27 cities as former Crown prince and consequently King of Nineveh (Jonah 3:6). Jonah's mission was therefore a success since Assyrian expansionism to the Mediterranean coast will cease, at least for 80 years. The fact that Jonah was swallowed by a big fish is often mocked but this unique event is rationally possible, moreover, the biblical text describes it as a divine intervention (Jonah 1:17).

ISBN 978-1-329-68948-0
Imprint Lulu
DOI 10.20850/9781329689480
Copyright 2016, Gertoux
Copyright License Standard Copyright License
Product Details 8.27 x 11.69 Standard Color Glossy Perfect Bound
Page Count 102 pages
Type of Publication Monograph (standalone)
Keywords Assyriology, Book of Jonah
Audience University/Post-secondary education
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