Herod the Great and Jesus: Chronological, Historical and Archaeological Evidence
Field of study
Arts and Humanities
Classics
Ancient History (Greek and Roman through Late Antiquity)
Herod the Great and Jesus: Chronological, Historical and Archaeological Evidence
Herod the Great and Jesus: Chronological, Historical and Archaeological Evidence
Gerard Gertoux
Field of study
Arts and Humanities
Classics
Ancient History (Greek and Roman through Late Antiquity)
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The traditional date of 4 BCE for the death of Herod the Great, as set forth by E. Schürer (1896), has been accepted by historians for many years without notable controversy. However, according to the texts of Luke and Matthew, Herod died shortly after the birth of Jesus, which can be fixed in 2 BCE. Consequently, there is apparently a major chronological contradiction but in fact Josephus gives a dozen synchronisms that enable us to date the 37 years of Herod's reign from 39 to 2 BCE and his death on 26 January 1 BCE just after a total lunar eclipse (9 January 1 BCE) prior to the Passover. Two important events confirm the dating of Herod's death: the ‘census of Quirinius’ in Syria (Titulus Venetus) which was a part of the ‘Inventory of the world’ ordered by Augustus when he became ‘Father of the Country’ in 2 BCE and the ‘war of Varus’ after Herod's death conducted under the auspices of Caius Caesar, the imperial legate of the East, and dated during the year of his consulship in 1 CE.

ISBN 978-1-329-69816-1
Imprint Lulu
DOI 10.20850/9781329698161
Copyright 2016, Gertoux
Copyright License Standard Copyright License
Product Details 8.27 x 11.69 Standard Color Glossy Perfect Bound
Page Count 160 pages
Type of Publication Monograph (standalone)
Keywords Herod the Great, Jesus
Audience University/Post-secondary education
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