Forensic neurobiology underlying violent criminal behavior
Peer Reviewed
Open Access
Field of study
Life Sciences
Neuroscience and Neurobiology
General
Forensic neurobiology underlying violent criminal behavior
Forensic neurobiology underlying violent criminal behavior
Amy Du Beau
Field of study
Life Sciences
Neuroscience and Neurobiology
General
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Violent criminal behavior may be a sequela of functionally and structurally compromised prefrontal and corticolimbic cortices. These anatomically distinct yet functionally integrated regions of the human brain confer qualities of moral sensibility and intentionality of action. Criminal behavior leading to conviction necessitates the commission of a prohibited act, actus reus, coincidentally occurring with a guilty state of mind, mens rea. Sentencing determinations markedly differ for those who intentionally violate compared to reckless acts and such outcomes can be critically life-impactful. However, making inferential assessments about an aggressor’s mental state can be a challenging task for legal experts. This meta-analysis reviews how the functional somatotopy of brain regions associated with aggression can be forensically assessed to contextualize violent criminal behavior to facilitate legal processes. Because brain scans have diagnostic credibility, by extension, they are increasingly becoming persuasive forensic evidence. A centralized neuroimaging database may emerge as a game-change for legal processes. The intercalated framework of neurolaw uniquely offers great power to elucidate criminological factors within the statute.

ISBN 978-1-5342-0416-4
Imprint Glasstree Academic Publishing
DOI 10.20850/9781534204164
Copyright 2018, Amy Du Beau
Copyright License Standard Copyright License
Type of Publication Monograph (standalone)
Peer Review Status Open, Completed
Keywords Aggression, Neuroanatomy, Neuroimaging, Neurolaw, Neuroscience, Psychopathy
Audience Scholarly
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