Agis, Fazila Derya, Perception of the Environment and the Traces of Today’s Nature Devastation in Amerigo Vespucci’s Letters, A Dissertation Defended at Ankara University in 2018.
The data of this research consisted of nine letters that Amerigo Vespucci had written. The study aimed to analyze Amerigo Vespucci’s letters from an environmental perspective, and thus shed new light on today's nature devastation. These letters were analyzed for discovering whether Vespucci was an ecocentric traveler who admired and respected nature, or an anthropocentric invader who intended to plunder natural resources to trade. The analyses of Vespucci’s letters show that he had an anthropocentric point of view rather than an ecocentric one. His letters demonstrate that he intended to exploit the natural resources in order to establish new trade routes. He discovered the American land with the help of winds and celestial navigation. The contradiction between the appreciation of nature and the destruction of nature in his letters reflected his admiration not only for all living creatures such as birds, plants, and trees --with the exception of the indigenous natives-- but also for inanimate natural resources such as gold, diamonds, and water found in the New World. All were provided by nature in conjunction with the Old World’s willingness to consume and trade these in order to create nourishments, medicines, clothes, accessories, and tools. Vespucci, who was a merchant traveler, may be regarded as an invader due to his views that preceded the mechanistic model approaches of Descartes and Bacon. Unfortunately, many species of animals and plants have become extinct as a result of their transportation from their original continents and their consumption in new lands.
Key Words: Amerigo Vespucci, Environmentalism, Natural Resources, Ecology, Trade, South and Central America
|Imprint||Glasstree Academic Publishing|
|Copyright||2018, FAZILA DERYA AGIS|
|Copyright License||Standard Copyright License|
|Product Details||8.27 x 11.69 Standard Color Glossy Perfect Bound|
|Page Count||200 pages|
|Type of Publication||Dissertation or thesis|
|Keywords||Amerigo Vespucci, Çevrecilik, Doğal Kaynaklar, Ekoloji, Ticaret, Güney ve Orta Amerika|