Historians consider the biblical account about Chedorlaomer's campaign against Sodom as a pious fiction. However, the Gospels refer to it as a real story, which is even described as essential to faith (Heb 7:1). According to the chronology drawn from the Masoretic text, Abraham's departure from Ur and his arrival in Canaan are dated in 1963 BCE when Abraham was 75 years old. The revolt of Transjordan kings against Chedorlaomer occurred in the 13th year of his dominion and the following year (1954 BCE) he was slaughtered by Abraham. A chronological reconstruction based on synchronisms shows that among dynasties from Sumerian lists the 3rd and last Elamite king of the Awan I dynasty was Kudur-Lagamar (1990-1954). The Spartoli tablets (c. 650 BCE) describe this famous attack of Babylonia by a coalition of evil kings named Kudur-KUKUmal, king of Elam, Tudḫula, king of Gutium, and Eri-Aku [king of Larsa]. This coalition of kings (Sumer, Larsa, Gutium) united under Kutur-Lagamar is quite likely, because all these kings were vassals or allies of the king of Elam (and Akkad) at that time, moreover, they came from neighbouring regions. The route of Chedorlaomer and the description of his actions show that this king came to this region near Egypt in order to maintain control over this new land trade route. This ambitious project had to have worried Amenemhat I (1975-1946) because southern Canaan was a big source of supply. In order to protect Egypt, Amenemhat I built the "Walls of the Ruler". In addition, the first Execration Texts against Canaan appear at this time. One can notice that the area of Sodom is called Šutu[m] in execration texts (then Moab after 1800 BCE).
|Copyright License||Standard Copyright License|
|Product Details||8.27 x 11.69 Standard Color Glossy Perfect Bound|
|Page Count||140 pages|
|Type of Publication||Monograph (standalone)|
|Keywords||Abraham, Chedorlaomer, Book of Genesis|